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USAID specialists present information on electrification to health facility engineers at the training facility in Jacmel, Haiti. (Photo:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Training health care staff on energy management practices is a vital component to successful health facility electrification efforts.

Any investment in health facility energy technologies must go hand-in-hand with frequent training on the operation, use, and maintenance of the system. Each stakeholder must be equipped to carry out his or her duties.

Training staff to install and maintain energy systems is often the first step to ensure system sustainability in developing countries. The successful implementation and operation of an electrification program will likely involve a multi-tiered support structure and training will be required at each level.

At the facility level, health care professionals or another local stakeholder must be trained to perform basic system operation and care. This is particularly important for remote locations where service personnel are not likely to make regular visits. Experience has demonstrated that with minimal training energy system owners are capable of performing the required routine maintenance checks required for a system to operate successfully. Ideally, this local user training should be a required component of system installation protocols. The distribution of "user guides" is also recommended in case of staff turnover.

When the local user encounters a problem that they are unable to repair, they must have a pre-determined contact at the regional or national level that is trained to diagnose and correct all potential system problems. These individuals should be energy professionals with extensive training in the proper installation and operation of that particular system. These technicians could be employed by a government agency, or they could be hired from the private sector. The number of installations, size of a country, and accessibility of the facilities in a given country will determine if this support can be provided at the national level or if regional representatives are required.

Below is a listing of training materials developed for use at training sessions in Haiti, covering the subjects of battery, invterter, PV and generator maintenance.

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Training Media 

Photos

The Improving Health Facility Infrastructure (IHFI) Project has put together a couple of photo slideshows highlighting training activities in Haiti and Guyana.  These, and other slideshows, may be also viewed on the Photos page.

Reports

Listed are summary reports of IHFI energy technician training courses in Haiti.  These courses have focused primarily on hospital energy technicians, but have also seen participation from administrators.  They may also be found on the Publications page.

Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

March 2014 IHFI Technicians Training Level 2 Report

13 technicians took part in a Leve 2 training course in Port-au-Prince covering proper battery and generator operation and maintenance.

 English  PDF  1,326K

May 2012 IHFI Technicians Training Report

18 health facility technicians were invited to Haiti Tec in Port-au-Prince for 3 full days of classroom and field activities.

English PDF 3,692K

February 2012 IHFI Technicians Training Report

26 technicians were brought to Port-au-Prince for a week long course on the operation, maintenance and documentation of batteries, inverters and diesel generators.

English PDF 2,455K

December 2011 IHFI Technicians Training Report

This training event included 13 hospital energy technicians, 1 administrator and 2 technical staff from the UGP and covered battery, inverter and diesel generator systems.

English PDF 1,891K

March 2011 IHFI Technicians Training Report

21 hospital technicians and some additional administrative and technical staff from 14 hospitals took part in this training on battery, inverter and diesel systems.

English PDF 3,257K

Videos

USAID and the IHFI project have produced a number of training videos targeting health facility technicians in Haiti.  These videos are presented in French or Creole with  English subtitles and cover important topics on the installation, use and maintenance of back-up power equipment.

Videos available below (alternatively, see the Videos page): 

Name and DescriptionLanguage

May 2013 - IHFI Energy System Installer Training

Highlights from IHFI's advanced battery and inverter training for local electrical installers in Haiti.  This course covered battery failure modes and installation preparation - taught by James Surrette of Surrette Batteries - and inverter wiring.

English subtitles

Haitian Technician Training May 2012

Look inside IHFI's comprehensive generator maintenance training.  Over several days, Haitian hospital energy technicians attend classroom lectures and gain hands-on experience, learning the ins and outs of diesel generator maintenance.

English subtitles

How to Properly Use, Install and Program a Typical Battery/Inverter/PV System

A twelve-minute training video for electrical technicians explaining the technical points of wiring, installing and programming a typical battery/inverter system, including regular maintenance tips. This video is intended to complement a more detailed training course on how to install a battery/inverter back-up power system for hospitals and clinics.

Creole, English subtitles

Improving Energy Systems in Haitian Hospitals

USAID is working to improve the energy situation in Haitian hospitals by bringing rigor and consistency to power back-up system installations. Access to reliable electricity has improved the quality of health services in Haitian hospitals.

French, English subtitles

How to Properly Use Your Health Facility's New Power Back-Up System

A nine-minute training video for health facility managers and employees to ensure that power back-up systems are used properly, cared for, maintained, and respected. This video covers the basic explanation of the battery/inverter system and includes a helpful "DOs" and "DON'Ts" list. 

Creole, English subtitles

Haitian Technician Training December 2011

Highlights from the Improving Health Infrastructure (IHFI) project's December 2011 training workshop in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

English subtitles

 

 

Tetra Tech, July 15-19, 2013 

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July 2013 Level I training participants outside the UPG training center.

IHFI is conducting a Level 1 training course for hospital energy technicians.  Participants are trained battery, inverter and generator mainenance as well as in wiring to the National Electric Code (NEC) and environmental management concepts.

Course materials are available below:


Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Course Introduction

The course agenda, as well as a brief introduction to the IHFI project and its training program.

French

PDF

482K

Battery/Inverter Module

Training module covering the maintenance and operation of batteries and inverters.

French

PDF

1,520K

Electrical Code Module

Basic aspects of the National Electric Code regarding desing and installation requirements.

French

PDF

541K

Generator Module

Principles of generator operation and maintenance.

French

PDF

626k

Environmental Management Module

Training module on the environmental impacts and mitigation measures for batteries and generators.

French

PDF

235k

Reference Sheets

Quick reference sheets for battery mainenance and inverter programming.

French

PDF

7,391k

Logbook

Daily and monthly battery and generator logs.

Creole

PDF

608k

 

 

Tetra Tech, May 6-10, 2013 

May 2013 - Technician Group Picture 1 Compressed
May 2013 Level II training participants.

IHFI conducted a week-long advanced training course for 30 previously trained hospital technicians from 19 facilities.  This Level II training expanded on the basic battery, inverter and generator mainenance training that the participants had already recieved.  The trainng covered advanced concepts in inverter and generator mainenance, such as inverter programming using the new Outback MATE3 or replacing internal components.  Participants were also trained in wiring to the National Electric Code (NEC) and in environmental management concepts.  Training consisted of a mix of classroom lectures, group activities, hands-on practice and written and oral quizes.

Course materials are available below:


Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Battery/Inverter Course Notebook

Training presentations on battery and inverter mainenance, sample log sheets and an inverter programming reference guide.

Creole

PDF

8,549K

Generator Course Notebook

Presentations and resources for advanced generator maintenance.

Creole

PDF

1,000K

Environmental Presentation

A presentation on environmental management of hazardous materials and waste such as batteries, fluorescent lamps and generator fuel and components.

French

PDF

1,201K

Battery/Inverter Logbook

Battery and inverter maintenance log templates and inverter programming reference materials.

Creole

PDF

18MB

Generator Logbook

Generator maintenance logs.

Creole

PDF

1,048k

 

Tetra Tech, May 2-3, 2013 

May 2013 - Installer Group Picture May 2013 Compressed
May 2013 installer training participants.

IHFI brought 11 local private energy system installers into the MSPP UGP training facility for a two-day workshop on proper battery and inverter installation.  The battery portion of the session was led by James Surrette of Surrette Batteries, used in many IHFI installations, who trained the installers on battery preparation prior to installation and performed a "battery autopsy" on several failed batteries to demonstrate the reasons for and modes of battery failure.  Inverter training covered wiring to NEC standards as well as concepts in inverter design and operation.

Course materials are available below:


Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Inverter/Charging System Advanced Training

A training presentation on proper inverter and battery wiring, in accordance with the National Electric Code.

English

PDF

7,091K

 

Tetra Tech, April 8-12, 2013 

IHFI held a standard, Level I training workshop at the UGP training center in Port-au-Prince.  The training session saw the participation of 33 technicians from hospitals around the country.  The program covers basic operational practices and maintenance for batteries, inverters and generators.

Course materials are available below:

Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Level I Training Binder

Training presentation and reference materials for battery, inverter and generator maintenance and operation.

Creole

PDF

13MB

 

Tetra Tech, December 5-9, 2011 

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December 2011 training participants.

The IHFI project's training efforts continued in December with another training workshop in Port-au-Prince. 13 hospital technicians, 1 administrator and 2 technical staff from the Ministry of Health Project Management Unit (UGP) were trained on operation, maintenance and data logging on battery, inverter and diesel generator systems. This workshop also featured additional training materials in Creole which will be expanded upon for future trainings.

The workshop generated good will and a sense of empowerment among technicians, something that has typically been lacking in many health facilities in Haiti. Moreover, the workshop helped build relationships among the technicians, and more importantly, between technicians and the UGP.

Course materials are available below:

Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Energy Backup Systems Maintenance Training for Hospital Technicians - December 2011 Report

The final report for the December 2011 training session.  The report summarizes the course content, introduces the trainers and gives participant evaluation feedback.

English

PDF

1,891K

Log Book Cover

Custom log book cover for IHFI training workshops.

French

Word

1,190K

Technician Duties Summary

A brief summary of technician maintenance duties, developed as a reference for health facility technicians in Haiti.

English, Creole

Word

19K

Daily Log Sheet

Updated from previous workshops. A daily log sheet template designed for health facility technicians in Haiti. Information on the battery bank's voltage and state of charge, as well as generator and grid operating hours are recorded on a daily basis to ensure proper system monitoring.

Creole

Excel

26K

Monthly Technician Log

Updated from previous workshops. A daily energy system log template. Includes an illustrated guide to determining energy system performance with an OutBack MATE system monitor.

Creole

Excel

1,113K

Equalization - Instruction

Instructions for testing and logging electrolyte specific gravity for battery banks. Specific gravity tests tell technicians when the battery bank needs and equalization charge.

Creole

Word

93K

Equalization - Hydrometer Diagram

An illustration showing how to correctly use and read a hydrometer when testing the specific gravity of battery cells.

English

PDF

662K

Equalization - Battery Diagram Exercise

An exercise asking participants to accurately diagram their facility's battery bank.

English

Word

30K

Equalization - Data Log

A log and questionnaire designed to help Haitian facility technicians track specific gravity in their battery banks.

Creole

PDF

59K

Equalization - Data Log

A log and questionnaire designed to help Haitian facility technicians track specific gravity in their battery banks.

Creole

Excel

23K

 

Tetra Tech and Haiti Tec, March 28-31, 2011 

TM - training-pic-3-11
Training participants displaying their certificates of completion.

USAID's Improving Health Facility Infrastructure (IHFI) project designed and implemented a training workshop for hospital technicians in the maintenance and monitoring of key power backup systems (batteries, inverters, diesel generators) being installed in Haitian health facilities. IHFI worked with the Ministry of Health Project Management Unit (UGP) which sponsored and co- funded the training, including bringing 21 hospital technicians and some administrative and other technical staff from facilities throughout Haiti to Port-au-Prince for four days of training.

Workshop materials and basic electrical tools were provided to each technician, and interactive, hands-on sessions were designed to meet the training objectives. In addition, participants were taught how to measure and log readings in logbooks and sheets designed for this purpose.

Course materials are available below:

Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Energy Backup Systems Maintenance Training for Hospital Technicians - March 2011 Report

The final report for the March 2011 training session.  The report summarizes the course content and introduces the trainers.  Also included are participant evaluation feedback and participant follow-up reports.

English PDF 3,257K

Workshop Schedule

Course schedule for the four-day training session held at Haiti Tec in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, March 28-31, 2011.

French PDF 27K

System Configurations

Developed by SunEPI.  Grid Only System, Grid plus Generator, Add Inverter/Charger-Battys, Different Generator Wiring, Remove Generator, Off-Grid, Generator Only, Off-Grid: Generator and Inverter/Charger, Off-Grid: PV/Inv/Batteries, Off-Grid: Hybrid.

English PDF 420K

Example System & Alarm

An easy to understand example schematic of a health facility energy system and an illustrated guide to addressing a "Low Battery" alarm.

Creole PDF 1,767K

Example System & Alarm

An easy to understand example schematic of a health facility energy system and an illustrated guide to addressing a "Low Battery" alarm.

English PDF 1,761K

Battery Maintenance Flyer

A quick reference card for battery maintenance.

Creole PDF 958K

Technician Load Sheet Example

An example health facility load calculation for reference by facility technicians.

English Excel 109K

Technician System Size Example

Example health facility energy system documentation, including: system components, system size, facility power sources, and commissioning and inspection dates.

English Excel 104K

Daily Log Sheet

A daily log sheet template designed for health facility technicians in Haiti.  Information on the battery bank's voltage and state of charge, as well as generator and grid operating hours are recorded on a daily basis to ensure proper system monitoring.

Creole Excel 26K

Maintenance Summary

A brief summary of technician maintenance duties, developed as a reference for health facility technicians in Haiti.

Creole Excel 24K

Example Logging

An example energy system log, showing daily energy usage and battery bank state of charge for one month.

English Excel 12K

Monthly Technician Log

A daily energy system log template, similar to the Example Logging.  Also includes an illustrated guide to determining energy system performance with an OutBack MATE system monitor.

Creole Excel 930K

Warnings and Errors

An illustrated quick reference guide to troubleshooting energy system warnings and errors using an OutBack MATE system monitor.

Creole PDF 5,888K

Warnings and Errors

An illustrated quick reference guide to troubleshooting energy system warnings and errors using an OutBack MATE system monitor.

English PDF 5,896K

Generator Configuration

Developed by SunEPI.  Typical Back-up Generator Configuration, Emergency Loads Only, Add Inverter/Batteries, Add other Emergency Loads, Whole facility generator plus the inverter/batteries, Stand-by vs. Primary Power.

English PDF 350K

 

SunEnergy Power International, May 12-23, 2008 

TM - training-pic-5-08
Training participants at the Haiti National Reference Laboratory.

The two week training course held in May 2008 was sponsored by the USG PEPFAR program and the Haiti National Reference Laboratory. The training was targeted at health facility managers and laboratory specialists and the agenda covered options for providing health facilities with continuous and high quality power needed for effective operation.

The first week of training covered key concepts and design issues while the second week focused on hands-on application of the material as the class retrofitted a health facility. The training course manual covered the design, installation, and operation of back-up power systems (inverters, batteries, generators, power conditioners and solar). Several trainees and private sector energy service providers made presentations throughout the training course.

During the second week of training, students designed and installed an energy system for a nearby health facility. The students trained the health facility manager on the operation and basic maintenance of the system and a contract was signed with a local service provider to maintain the energy systems.

Course materials are available below:

Name and DescriptionLanguageFile TypeFile Size

Course Agenda 

The schedule for the two-week training program.

English PDF 66K

Training Course Manual: Real World Installation Considerations for Inverter / Charger / Battery Equipment 

A short manual from USAID that addresses the most common problems observed in the field and discusses practical applications regarding inverter / charger and battery equipment.  This manual is based on the Xantrax Model SW inverter, which is frequently found in Haitian health facilities.

English PDF 1,091K

Student System Design 

A schematic diagram of the energy system designed and installed by training participants.

English PDF 53K

Generator Sizing 

Typical Back-up Generator Configuration, Likely Health Center Load Profile, Sizing the Generator, Generator Alone Sizing Result, Power for Inverter / Batteries, Charging the Batteries, Generator Run Time with Batteries, Generator Fuel Consumption, The rising cost of Fuel.

English PDF 438K

System Configurations 

Grid Only System, Grid plus Generator, Add Inverter/Charger-Battys, Different Generator Wiring, Remove Generator, Off-Grid, Generator Only, Off-Grid: Generator and Inverter/Charger, Off-Grid: PV/Inv/Batteries, Off-Grid: Hybrid.

English PDF 419K

Generator Configurations 

Typical Back-up Generator Configuration, Emergency Loads Only, Add Inverter/Batteries, Add other Emergency Loads, Whole facility generator plus the inverter/batteries, Stand-by vs. Primary Power.

English PDF 350K
PV Components Photos English PDF 12.5MB

Inverter Installation and Operation 

The Inverter is just one piece, Elements of the Inverter/Charger, Applicability, Modes of Operation: AC IN Operational, When AC IN Power is lost, AC IN 1 and AC IN 2, Connections to the Real World, AC OUT Connections, AC IN Connections, AC IN 1 - Grid Supply, AC IN 2 - Generator, AC IN from both Generator and Grid, AC IN and OUT Connections, DC Connections, Connecting the DC Cables to the Inverter, Polarity, DC Cable - from Battery to Inverter, Battery Cable Sizing (use 4/0), Series Connections, Connecting Batteries, Paralleling Batteries, Keep the Battery Cables Together, Sum-UP.

English PDF 874K

Generators Three Phase vs. Single Phase 

Power Generator Formulas, Amperage of 3 Ph Generators, Amperage of 1 Ph Generators, Compare 3 PH to 1 PH, Examples, The result, Other likely Scenarios, Discussion Topics.

English PDF 301K

Sun as Resource 

Strength of the sun, Orientation of the sun, Shading.

English PDF 859K

Operation, Maintenance, and Troubleshooting 

Operation and Maintenance, Operations Situations, Daily Log, Logging the System Status, Battery Maintenance, Preventing Discharge, Load Management to Prevent Battery Discharge, Battery Charging, Maintain Electrolyte Level, Keep Batteries Clean, Battery Cut-Away, Equalizing the Battery (liquid filled ONLY), System Disconnects on low Voltage (or Frequency), Effect of too small AC IN Wire, Troubleshooting, Load Management and Alarms, Alarm Wiring.

English PDF 535K

Programming 

To Access Set-up Menu (Menu items 9 through 20), Menu 9: Inverter Setup, Notes on Search Function, Menu 10: Battery Charging, Sample Trojan Battery Voltage Recommendations, Charging Voltages, Battery Voltages, Menu 11: AC Inputs, Menu 18: Grid Usage Timer, Programming Caution.

English PDF 344K

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