You are here: HomeTopicsManagementStandards and Technical Specifications


Standards and Technical Specifications

spec-solarinstall
A solar panel installation undergoes final inspection in accordance with international standards. (Photo: NREL)

Properly drafted specifications and the use of international standards can allow each energy system to be tailored to meet the needs of the facility while still ensuring best practice design and installation protocols are followed.

The procurement and installation of energy systems is the first important step to ensure optimal performance and reliability. The size, model and make, and physical installation of system components are all crucial elements to proper system operation. There are international standards guiding nearly every aspect of the design, manufacture and installation of energy systems and health infrastructure.  Incorporating internationally recognized standards into technical specifications for the procurement of materials and installation services is an important first step in achieving system longevity.  As standard-setting bodies for the health care sector, government health ministries should seriously consider adding system design standards to their regulations. It is important, however, to not confuse design standards with a “one size fits all approach.”

Energy system design specifications can be developed using the energy audit data sheets. The specification should keep the size and capacity of the health center in sight. Energy Specialists preparing the bid specifications should have no bias for a particular technology or company for the job. Finished specifications should be offered by funding entities and facilities as a package to tendering companies to enable fair bidding on equivalent specified equipment.

Provided below is a summary of many relevant international standards for a variety of energy systems and energy system equipment.  These standards lists are not necessarily exhaustive, but serve as a good reference.  Several example bidding documents, used for procurement in actual IFHI initiatives, are also provided.

 

Writing Technical Specifications 

The level of detail used in technical specifications for the procurement of power equipment and services will differ based on the needs and expected outcomes for a particular facility.  Providing a high level of detail in technical specifications will help to ensure that quality equipment and workmanship is provided by contractors.  However, too much detail may limit a bidder’s ability to offer low-cost options or alternative proposals. 

Generally, bidders should be allowed some flexibility in offering equipment or services.  For example, unless a specific brand of equipment is needed, it is best not to specify equipment brands, but to rely on minimum technical requirements to specify equipment procurement.  Citing established standards, like those listed on this page, is a good way to ensure the quality of products or services while allowing bidders to determine the best value they can offer.  Below are some additional tips to keep in mind when specifying particular types of power equipment.

 

System Component Specification Guidance
System Voltage The specifications should clearly indicate the system voltage.
PV Array Specification and bid documents should provide clear instructions with regard to the array size and type of solar modules required.
PV Array Mounting Mounting structures will vary depending on the location, roofing materials and specific circumstances of the site (shade, security, etc.). Relevant site details should be included in specification and bid documents.
Batteries Because of the rapidly changing nature of battery technology, and the wide variety of batteries available in the market, specification and bid packages should clearly state the type and size of batteries required.
Battery Installation The specification and bid documents should clearly state the type of battery enclosure (or rack) required for each PV or backup system.
Charge Regulation The specification and bid documents should clearly state the required ratings of charge regulators (charge controllers) to be used in systems.
Inverters Virtually all clinic systems require inverters for the purpose of powering 240AC appliances. The features required of the inverter should be clearly laid out in the specification and bid documents.
Hybrid System Inverters The specification and bid document should clearly state the required ratings of inverters to be used in the systems.
Small Inverter Systems Smaller inverters are normally used to power one or more appliances in a particular location. The specification and bid documents should state which appliance(s) the inverter will power.
Generator The specification and bid document should specify the size and type of generators to be supplied for use in systems.
Fuel Type The specification and bid documents should provide information about the location of the generator (including housing and necessary mounting information).
Lighting Equipment The bid document should specify the size and type of lighting equipment to be supplied in the system.
Switches, Connections and Cabling Designers/bid prepares should pay attention to the wiring that carries power from the equipment center to the actual loads.

 

Example Bidding Documents 

Guyana Solar Bidding Document Final

Terms of Reference: Procurement and Installation of Stand-Alone Solar PV Systems - Guyana Hinterlands, (PDF 1.9MB)

Full Terms of Reference used to procure IHFI solar systems for remote health clinics in Guyana.  Includes all relevant technical specifications, standards and bid and procurement procedures.


haiti rfq inverters

Terms of Reference: Procurement and Installation of Inverter and Battery Systems - Haiti Health Facilities, (PDF 12.6MB)

Full Terms of Reference used to procure IHFI backup power systems for use in Haitian hospitals.  Includes all relevant technical specifications, standards and bid and procurement procedures.


 

Standards and Standards Bodies 

A standard is a norm or requirement that establishes a basis for the common understanding and judgment of materials, products or processes.  For example, the metric system of measurement provides a common basis for people the world over to judge, compare and discuss distance, weight or temperature by means of the standard units of measure meters, grams and degrees Celsius.  Standards are an invaluable tool in industry and business, because they streamline business practices and provide a level playing field for businesses to develop products and services. They are also critical to ensuring that products and services are safe for consumers and the environment.

Standards come in many forms.  Standard specifications define performance requirements for materials (e.g. the strength of steel), products (e.g. the light output of a lamp) and services (e.g. the installation of a battery bank).  Standard test procedures are established for determining material and product specifications.  There are also standards in place for practices, like financial accounting or safety inspections.  Standards also exist to define terminology referenced by other standards or used within a particular industry.

To be relevant, a standard must be widely adopted.  While some standards may arise naturally from customary practices most are formally set by an authority, or standards body.  Standards bodies may include, for example, government agencies, private companies or industry associations.  Depending their level of authority, these organizations may issue mandatory or voluntary standards.  Typically, governments issue mandatory standards for products or services used or sold in their country.  National building codes are a good example of a mandatory government standard.  International standards are typically voluntary, but are widely adopted by governments around the world to help ensure conformity with standards in other countries.  

Listed below are some of the major international standards bodies involved in the fields of energy and health.  The standards issued by these bodies set best practices and performance requirements for many of the topics discussed on this site.  Additional listings of individual standards specific to these topics are also provided.

 

Standards Body Description
ASTM International ASTM International develops standards generally geared toward the testing and certification of materials and material properties but also sets standards relating to energy and medical devices and services.  While the organization  originated in the United States, it is now develops standards specifically  for international use.
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) The IEC is the leading international standards organization for electrical, electronic and other related technologies.  Virtually any technology involved in the production, transmission or consumption of electricity is covered under IEC standards.  This includes most of the energy technologies discussed on Powering Health, such as PV panels, inverters and batteries.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) IEEE is a professional association involved in a variety of activities in addition to standards development, such as publishing research and holding conferences.  Like the IEC, IEEE sets standards for electrical and electronic technologies, but it is also very active in the fields of telecommunications, transportation and healthcare.  IEEE and IEC routinely work together to develop standards listed under both entities, ensuring conformity between the two organizations.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ISO is one of the major international standards setting bodies.  ISO develops standards for products, services and best practices.  ISO standards may be technical in nature, may provide procedures for established best practices, or may simple define common international terms.  For example, ISO standards range in subject matter from ISO 25.180: Industrial Furnaces to ISO 14064: GHG Reporting to ISO 3166: Country Codes.
Underwriters Laboratories (UL) UL is a private company that primarily specializes in product safety certification.  UL labels appear on a wide variety of products, especially those that may otherwise pose an electrical or fire hazard.  Aside from safety, UL standards cover other aspects of performance such as material properties, environmental sustainability, or durability.
World Health Organization (WHO) WHO is the authority for global health within the United Nations.  The organization is involved in a wide variety health activities, including statistics gathering, program implementation and standards setting.  WHO sets standards for medical devices and procedures to be used throughout the world to promote high quality medical care.

 

PV System Standards 

spec-solartest
Solar cells are tested before being moving further down the manufacturing line. (Photo: NREL)

There are numerous national and international bodies that set standards for photovoltaics.  There are standards for nearly every stage of the PV lifecycle, including: materials and processes used in the production of PV panels, testing methodologies, performance standards, and design and installation guidelines.  The standards shown below are not a complete list, but are those most relevant to the procurement and installation of solar PV systems.  Each standard has been loosely categorized based on its subject matter.


 

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Category Standard
Characteristics IEC 61194 ed1.0: Characteristic parameters of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) systems
Crystalline IEC 61215 ed2.0: Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval
Thin-film IEC 61646 ed2.0: Thin-film terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval
Test IEC 61701 ed2.0: Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
Characteristics IEC 61702 ed1.0: Rating of direct coupled photovoltaic (PV) pumping systems
Monitoring IEC 61724 ed1.0: Photovoltaic system performance monitoring - Guidelines for measurement, data exchange and analysis
Characteristics IEC 61727 ed2.0: Photovoltaic (PV) systems - Characteristics of the utility interface
Safety IEC 61730-1 ed1.0: Photovoltaic (PV) module safety qualification - Part 1: Requirements for construction
Safety IEC 61730-2 ed1.0: Photovoltaic (PV) module safety qualification - Part 2: Requirements for testing
Terms IEC/TS 61836 ed2.0: Solar photovoltaic energy systems - Terms, definitions and symbols
Balance of System IEC 62093 ed1.0: Balance-of-system components for photovoltaic systems - Design qualification natural environments
Balance of System IEC 62109-1 ed1.0: Safety of power converters for use in photovoltaic power systems - Part 1: General requirements
Balance of System IEC 62109-2 ed1.0: Safety of power converters for use in photovoltaic power systems - Part 2: Particular requirements for inverters
Test IEC 62116 ed1.0: Test procedure of islanding prevention measures for utility-interconnected photovoltaic inverters
Design IEC 62124 ed1.0: Photovoltaic (PV) stand alone systems - Design verification
Design IEC 62253 ed1.0: Photovoltaic pumping systems - Design qualification and performance measurements
Rural electrification IEC/TS 62257 ed1.0: Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Parts 1-9
Commissioning IEC 62446 ed1.0: Grid connected photovoltaic systems - Minimum requirements for system documentation, commissioning tests and inspection
Performance IEC 62509 ed1.0: Battery charge controllers for photovoltaic systems - Performance and functioning
Rural electrification IEC/PAS 62111 ed1.0: Specifications for the use of renewable energies in rural decentralised electrification
Balance of System IEC 60269-6 ed1.0: Low-voltage fuses - Part 6: Supplementary requirements for fuse-links for the protection of solar photovoltaic energy systems
Installation IEC 60364-1 ed5.0: Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions
Installation IEC 60364-7-712 ed1.0: Electrical installations of buildings - Part 7-712: Requirements for special installations or locations - Solar photovoltaic (PV) power supply systems

 

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Category Standard
Performance IEEE 1526-2003: IEEE Recommended Practice for Testing the Performance of Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Systems
Sizing IEEE 1562-2007: IEEE Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Interconnection IEEE 1547.2-2008: IEEE Application Guide for IEEE Std 1547(TM), IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems
Interconnection IEEE 1547.3-2007: IEEE Guide for Monitoring, Information Exchange, and Control of Distributed Resources Interconnected with Electric Power Systems
Interconnection IEEE 1547.1-2003: IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

 

Underwriters Laboratory (UL)
Category Standard
Crystalline UL 1703: Standard for Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules and Panels
Concentrated UL 8703: Concentrator photovoltaic modules and assemblies
Mounting UL 790: Standard for Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings
Mounting UL 1897: Standard for Uplift Tests for Roof Covering Systems
Balance of System UL-SU 2703: Rack mounting systems and clamping devices for flat-plate photovoltaic modules and panels
Balance of System UL 1741: Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use With Distributed Energy Resources
Balance of System UL-SU 1699B: Photovoltaic (PV) DC arc-fault circuit protection
Balance of System UL-SU 4703: Photovoltaic wire
Balance of System UL 854: Standard for Service - Entrance Cables
Balance of System UL-SU 2579: Low-voltage fuses - fuses for photovoltaic systems
Balance of System UL 4248-18: Fuseholders - Part 18: Photovoltaic
Balance of System UL-SU 6703: Connectors for use in photovoltaic systems
Balance of System UL-SU 6703A: Multi-pole connectors for use in photovoltaic systems
Test UL-SU 5703: Determination of the maximum operating temperature rating of photovoltaic (PV) backsheet materials
Balance of System UL 3730: Photovoltaic junction boxes
Balance of System UL-SU 98B: Enclosed and dead-front switches for use in photovoltaic systems
Balance of System UL 489B: Molded-case circuit breakers, molded-case switches, and circuit-breaker enclosures for use with photovoltaic (PV) systems

 

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
Category Standard
Terms ASTM E772 - 11: Standard Terminology of Solar Energy Conversion
Test ASTM E2848 - 11: Standard Test Method for Reporting Photovoltaic Non Concentrator System Performance

 

Lead-Acid Battery Standards 

spec-battery
Batteries properly housed in a battery rack for stationary energy storage. (Photo: NREL )

A number of standards have been developed for the design, testing and installation of lead-acid batteries.  The internationally recognized standards listed in this section have been created by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).  These standards have been selected because they pertain to lead-acid battery use in stationary applications, including UPS, rural electrification, and solar PV systems.  These standards should be referenced when procuring and evaluating equipment and professional services.


 

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Category Standard
Flooded or vented lead-acid IEC 60896-11 ed1.0: Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 11: Vented types - General requirements and methods of tests
Valve regulated lead-acid IEC 60896-21 ed1.0: Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 21: Valve regulated types - Methods of test
  IEC 60896-22 ed1.0: Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 22: Valve regulated types - Requirements
Safety IEC 62485-2 ed1.0: Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 2: Stationary batteries
Rural electrification IEC/TS 62257-8-1 ed1.0: Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Part 8-1: Selection of batteries and battery management systems for stand-alone electrification systems - Specific case of automotive flooded lead-acid batteries available in developing countries

 

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Category Standard
Flooded or vented lead-acid 450-2010: Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
  484-2002: Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
Valve regulated lead-acid 1187-2002: Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
  1188-2005: Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications
  1189-2007: Guide for Selection of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications
System design 485-2010: Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
  1184-2006: Guide for Batteries for Uninterruptible Power Supply Systems
Solar system 937-2007: Recommended Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries for Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
  1013-2007: Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
  1361-2003: Guide for Selection, Charging, Test and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
  1562-2007: Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
  1661-2007: Guide for Test and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Hybrid Power Systems
Other 1375-1998: Guide for the Protection of Stationary Battery Systems
  1491-2005: Guide for Selection and Use of Battery Monitoring Equipment in Stationary Applications
  1561-2007: Guide for Optimizing the Performance and Life of Lead-Acid Batteries in Remote Hybrid Power Systems
  1657-2009: Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualifications for Installation and Maintenance of Stationary Batteries

 

Cold Chain and Refrigeration Standards 

In order to help designers and implementers of cold chain equipment, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a number of standards for equipment used to store, transport and monitor cold chain dependent products.  These standards provide a basis for the procurement of quality equipment designed to meet the stringent specifications necessary for a robust and effective cold chain.

The following table lists each of the relevant WHO standards by category.  Each listing is also a link to the standard itself.  Additionally, a link to a listing of WHO pre-qualified equipment is provided for each category.

Note:  Standards E01, E03 and E04 are applicable only to vaccine cold chain equipment, as blood has different cold chain requirements.

 

World Health Organization (WHO)
Category Equipment Covered

E01 Cold rooms, freezer rooms and related equipment

E03 Refrigerators and freezers for storing vaccines and freezing icepacksPrequalified equipment

  • WHO/PQS/E03/FZ01.2: Vaccine freezer or combined vaccine/icepack freezer: compression cycle

  • WHO/PQS/E03/FZ02.2: Icepack freezer

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF01.2: Refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer: compression cycle

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF02.2: Refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer: absorption cycle

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF03.2: Ice-lined refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer: compression cycle

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF04.2: Refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer: compression cycle. For solar powered rechargeable battery storage

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF05.2: Refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer: compression-cycle. For solar direct drive without battery storage

  • WHO/PQS/E03/RF06.1: Refrigerator or combined refrigerator and water-pack freezer: compression cycle. Solar direct drive with ancillary rechargeable battery

  • WHO/PQS/E03/PV01.2: Solar power system for compression-cycle vaccine refrigerator or combined refrigerator-icepack freezer

E04 Cold boxes and vaccine carriersPrequalified equipment

E05 Ice-packs, cool-packs and warm-packsPrequalified equipment

E06 Temperature monitoring devicesPrequalified equipment

 

Remote Monitoring Standards 

The standards listed below describe some communications protocols and hardware components commonly used in remote monitoring.  These standards are not necessarily universally applicable as  many remote monitoring configurations will rely on proprietary, brand-specific communications and hardware.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Category Standard
Communications IEEE 802.11-2012: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems—Local and metropolitan area networks

 

Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
Category Standard
Hardware TIA TIA-232-F: Interface between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment Employing Serial Binary Data Interchange

 

MODBUS
Category Standard
Communications MODBUS V1.1b: MODBUS Protocol Specifications

 

Uniterruptible Power Supply Standards 

UPS safety and compatibility requirements, in both general and medical environments.

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Category Standard
 UPS IEC 62040-1: Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 1: General and safety requirements for UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supplies
 UPS IEC 62040-2: Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements – Uninterruptible Power Supplies
 UPS IEC 62040-3: Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 3: Method of specifying the performance and test requirements – Uninterruptible Power Supplies

 

Underwriters Laboratory (UL)
Category Standard
 Medical Equipment
UL 60601-1: Medical Electrical Equipment, Part 1: General Requirements for Safety – Medical Equipment
 UPS UL 1778: Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) – Uninterruptible Power Supplies

 

Electrical System Component Standards 

The standards listed below conform to the National Electric Code.  These standards, while not required explicitly by the NEC, are designed to ensure that their respective components meet NEC requirements.  While other international codes, such as IEC electrical codes, may differ in their requirements, these standards may still be viable.  Ultimately, the local electrical code will have final authority over which codes and standards are applicable.

Underwriters Laboratory (UL)
Category Standard
Wire/cable    UL 4: Standard for Armored Cable
Conduit UL 1: Standard for Flexible Metal Conduit
Other components UL 857: Busways
Wire/cable UL 83: Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and Cables
Wire/cable UL 44: Thermoset-Insulated Wires and Cables
Enclosures UL 514A: Metallic Outlet Boxes
Conduit UL 514B: Conduit, Tubing, and Cable Fittings
Enclosures UL 514C: Standard for Nonmetallic Outlet Boxes, Flush-Device Boxes, and Covers
Enclosures UL 514D: Cover Plates for Flush-Mounted Wiring Devices
Conduit UL 651: Standard for Schedule 40 and 80 Rigid PVC Conduit and Fittings
Conduit UL 651A: Type EB and A Rigid PVC Conduit and HDPE Conduit
Conduit UL 1242: Standard for Electrical Intermediate Metal Conduit - Steel
Conduit UL 797: Standard for Electrical Metallic Tubing - Steel
Conduit UL 797A: Standard for Electrical Metallic Tubing - Aluminum
Conduit UL 1653: Electrical Nonmetallic Tubing
Conduit UL 6: Electrical Rigid Metal Conduit - Steel
Other components UL 924: Standard for Emergency Lighting and Power Equipment
Enclosures UL 50: Standard for Enclosures for Electrical Equipment
Wire/cable UL 62: Flexible Cords and Cables
Other components UL 20: General-Use Snap Switches
Other components UL 934: Standard for Safety for Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupters
Other components UL 467: Standard for Grounding and Bonding Equipment
Conduit UL 2239: Hardware for the Support of Conduit, Tubing, and Cable
Other components UL 1741: Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use With Distributed Energy Resources
Other components UL 1047: Standard for Isolated Power Systems Equipment
Conduit UL 1660: Liquid-Tight Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit
Conduit UL 360: Standard for Liquid-Tight Flexible Metal Conduit
Other components UL 248 (Parts 1-16): Low-Voltage Fuses
Other components UL 60601-1: Medical Electrical Equipment, Part 1: General Requirements for Safety
Other components UL 67: Standard for Panelboards
Other components UL 231: Standard for Power Outlets
Wire/cable UL 1581: Reference Standard for Electrical Wires, Cables, and Flexible Cords
Wire/cable UL 854: Standard for Service-Entrance Cables
Other components UL 1008: Standard for Transfer Switch Equipment
Other components UL 486A-B: Wire Connectors

 

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
Category Standard
Terms ASTM E772 - 11: Standard Terminology of Solar Energy Conversion
Test ASTM E2848 - 11: Standard Test Method for Reporting Photovoltaic Non Concentrator System Performance

 

Inverter Standards 

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Category Standard
 Inverters IEC 62109-1 ed1.0: Safety of power converters for use in photovoltaic power systems - Part 1: General requirements
 Inverters IEC 62109-2 ed1.0: Safety of power converters for use in photovoltaic power systems - Part 2: Particular requirements for inverters

 

Underwriters Laboratory (UL)
Category Standard
 Inverters UL 1741: Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use With Distributed Energy Resources

 

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Category Standard
Grid-tied Inverters IEEE 1547: Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

 

Lighting Standards 

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Category Standard
LEDs

ANSI C78.377-2008: Specifications for the Chromaticity of Solid State Lighting Products

Fluorescent Lamps ANSI C78.45-2007: Electric Lamps—Self-Ballasted Mercury Lamps
Ballasts ANSI C82.1-2004: Lamp Ballasts—Line Frequency Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts
Definition/ Specification ANSI C82.13-2002: Lamp Ballasts—Definitions for Fluorescent Lamps and Ballasts
Ballasts ANSI C82.4-2002: Lamp Ballasts—Ballasts for High-Intensity Discharge and Low-Pressure Sodium (LPS) Lamps (Multiple-Supply Type)
Ballasts ANSI C82.11-2011: Lamp Ballasts—High Frequency Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts
Definition/ Specification ANSI C82.9-2010: Lamp Ballasts—High-Intensity Discharge (HID) and Low-Pressure Sodium (LPS) Lamps—Definitions

 

Illuminating Engineering Society (IES)
Category Standard
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-79-08: Electrical and Photometric Measurement of Solid State Lighting Products
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-80-08: Approved Method for Measuring Lumen Maintenance of LED Light Sources
Measurement/ Testing IES TM-21-11: Projecting Long Term Lumen Maintenance of LED Light Sources
Installation IES LEM-3-13: Upgrading Lighting Systems in Commercial and Institutional Spaces
Design IES TM-15-11: Luminaire Classification System for Outdoor Luminaires
Design IES RP-29-06: Lighting for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities
Design IES RP-1-12: American National Standard Practice for Office Lighting
Installation IES-500-06: Installing Indoor Commercial Lighting Systems
Installation

IES-501-06: Installing Exterior Lighting Systems

Installation

IES-502-06: Installing Industrial Lighting Systems

Definitions/ Specifications IES RP-16-10: Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering
Definitions/ Specifications IES DG-3-00: Application of Luminare Symbols on Lighting Design Drawings
LEDs IES G-2-10: Guideline for the Application of General Illumination (“White”) Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Technologies
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-9-09: Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Fluorescent Lamps
Definitions/ Specifications IES LM-15-03: Guide for Reporting General Lighting Equipment Engineering Data for Indoor Luminaires
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-46-04: Photometric Testing of Indoor Luminaires Using High Intensity Discharge or Incandescent Filament Lamps
Design IES LM-61-06: Identifying Operating Factors for Installed Outdoor High Intensity Discharge (HID) Luminaires
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-62-06: Laboratory or Field Thermal Measurements of Fluorescent Lamps and Ballasts in Luminaires
Definitions/ Specifications IES LM-72-97: Directional Positioning of Photometric Data
Definitions/ Specifications IES LM-74-05: Standard File Format For the Electronic Transfer of Luminaire Component Data
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-78-07: Approved Method for Total Luminous Flux Measurement of Lamps Using an Integrating Sphere Photometer
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-45-09: The Electrical and Photometric Measurement of General Service Incandescent Filament Lamps
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-40-10: Life Testing of Fluorescent Lamps
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-65-10: Life Testing of Compact Fluorescent Lamps
Measurement/ Testing IES LM-66-11: Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Single-Ended Compact Fluorescent Lamps
 LEDs IES TM-16-05: Technical Memorandum on Light Emitting Diode (LED) Sources and Systems
 Illuminance Levels IES Lighting Handbook, 10th Edition

 

National Electrical Manufacturers Association
Category Standard
LEDs NEMA SSL-1-2010: Electronic Drivers for LED Devices, Arrays, or Systems
Luminaire NEMA LE 4-2012: Recessed Luminaires—Ceiling Compatibility
Luminaire NEMA LE 5-2001: Procedure for Determining Luminaire Efficacy Ratings for Fluorescent Luminaires
Specialty Lighting NEMA EM 1-2010: Exit Sign Visibility Testing Requirements for Safety and Energy Efficiency
Ballast NEMA BL 3-2013: Dimming Ballast Energy Performance
Ballast NEMA BL 2-2009: Energy Efficiency for Electronic Ballasts for T8 Fluorescent Lamps
Fluorescent Lamps NEMA LL 9-2011: Dimming of T8 Fluorescent Lighting Systems

 

Underwriters Laboratories
Category Standard
Luminaires UL 1598: Luminaires
LEDs UL 1598C: Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Retrofit Luminaire Conversion Kits
Lamps UL 1993: Self-ballasted Lamps and Lamp Adapters
LEDs UL 8750: Light Emitting Diode (LED) Equipment for Use in Lighting Products
LEDs UL 8752/ULC-S8752: Organic Light Emitting Diode Panels
LEDs UL 8753/ULC-8753: Standard for Field-Replaceable Light Emitting Diode (LED) Light Engines
Mounting UL 8754/ULC-8754: Holder, Bases, and Connectors for Solid-State (LED) Light Engines and Arrays
Ballasts UL 935: Standard for Fluorescent-Lamp Ballasts
Ballasts UL 1029: Standard for High-Intensity-Discharge Lamp Ballasts
Ballasts UL 542: Fluorescent Lamp Starters
Luminaires UL 153: Portable Electric Luminaires
Mounting UL 496: Lampholders
General Lighting UL 2108: Low Voltage Lighting System
Speciatly Lighting UL 924: Emergency Lighting and Power Equipment
Specialty Lighting UL 676: Underwater Luminaires and Submersible Junction Boxes
Specialty Lighting UL 48: Electric Signs
Specialty Lighting UL 1574: Track Lighting Systems

 

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Category Standard
Definitions/ Specifications IEC 60050-845 ed1.0 (1987-12): International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - Lighting
Incandescent Lamps IEC 60064 ed6.0 (1993-12): Tungsten filament lamps for domestic and similar general lighting purposes - Performance requirements
Fluorescent Lamps IEC 60081 ed5.0 (1997-12): Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications
HID Lamps IEC 60188 ed3.0 (2001-05): High-pressure mercury vapour lamps - Performance specifications
Incandescent Lamps IEC 60357 ed3.0 (2002-11): Tungsten halogen lamps (non vehicle) - Performance specifications
Installation IEC 60364: Low-voltage electrical installations
Incandescent Lamps IEC 60432: Incandescent lamps - Safety specifications
Luminaires IEC 60598-2-2 ed3.0 (2011-11): Luminaires - Part 2-2: Particular requirements - Recessed luminaires
Luminaires IEC 60598-2-22 ed3.0 (1997-08): Luminaires - Part 2-22: Particular requirements - Luminaires for emergency lighting
HID Lamps IEC 60662 ed2.0 (2011-02): High-pressure sodium vapour lamps - Performance specifications
Mounting IEC 60838: Miscellaneous lampholders
Fluorescent Lamps IEC 60901 ed2.0 (1996-03): Single-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications
Fluorescent Lamps IEC 60969 ed1.0 (1988-12): Self-ballasted lamps for general lighting services - Performance requirements
HID Lamps IEC 61167 ed2.0 (2011-03): Metal halide lamps - Performance specification
Ballasts IEC 61347: Lamp control gear
Specialty Lighting IEC 62034 ed2.0 (2012-02): Automatic test systems for battery powered emergency escape lighting
Rural Systems IEC/TS 62257-9-5 ed2.0 (2013-04): Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Part 9-5: Integrated system - Selection of stand-alone lighting kits for rural electrification
Rural Systems IEC/TS 62257-12-1 ed1.0 (2007-06): Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Part 12-1: Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural electrification systems and recommendations for household lighting equipment
Definitions/ Specifications IEC/TS 62504 ed1.0 (2011-03): General lighting - LEDs and LED modules - Terms and definitions
Fluorescent Lamps IEC 62639 ed1.0 (2012-02): Fluorescent induction lamps - Performance specification

LEDs

IEC/PAS 62717 ed1.0 (2011-04): LED modules for general lighting - Performance requirements
LEDs IEC/PAS 62722-2-1 ed1.0 (2011-06): Luminaire performance - Part 2-1: Particular requirements for LED luminaires

 

International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)
Category Standard
Lighting Power Densities IECC 2012

Related Content

Training Material Training health care staff on energy management practices is a vital component to successful health facility electrification efforts.  Find useful training materials, including presentations, agendas, examples and maintenance log templates…
  • Energy Management Energy management is as much about human behavior and management as it is about technology. The actions of your staff will have a major impact on the amount of energy your health center consumes.
  • Load Analysis and Example Calculations A fundamental part of energy management, and the first step in improving a health facility energy system, is an electrical load inventory.  An electrical load inventory is a listing of all electricity-consuming equipment in a facility, everything from light bulbs…