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Generators

Reciprocating Engines (small generators) are the most common form of small generator. In generator-only systems, the generator must be sized to handle the peak expected load, but the system frequently runs at lower loads at reduced efficiency. It is common to find oversized generators at many development country health facilities. Running an oversized generator is expensive and inefficient and should be avoided.

Uninterruptible Power Supplies

Uninterruptable power supplies (UPS) are a class of devices that power equipment in the event of grid power failure, nearly instantaneously, protecting the equipment from damage.  UPS systems vary significantly in their design and functionality, affecting the amount of time they can power equipment, their ability to improve power quality and their cost.

Batteries and Battery Management

Batteries are a critical component in nearly all energy systems involving an intermittent power source, including diesel generation, solar PV systems, wind, or intermittent grid; but have proven to be one of the most challenging components of an energy system to maintain.

National health laboratory systems are on the frontlines of health the world over.  As a critical component to combating disease, laboratory systems must deliver reliable and efficient health services on tight resources; often achieved through standardized and tiered facility capabilities.

The Zanmi Lasante hospital in Boucan Carre, Haiti serves at least 100 patients daily. To meet its energy needs, the hospital relied largely on a diesel powered generator with an undersized inverter/battery back-up system. The hospital's fuel costs were high and there was no back up system to supply its power needs.

In Haiti, USAID is implementing the Improving Health Facility Infrastructure (IHFI) project, focused on providing reliable electrical power to hospitals and clinics throughout the country.

Videos

Videos related to energy system training in Haiti.  Meant as a training resource to Haitians in the health sector, or to exemplify on-going training programs for health facility technicians, these videos give an inside look at USAID's efforts on the ground.

Cold Chain and Refrigeration

Health facilities in developing countries need to maintain the cold chain to ensure that critical medicines, vaccines and supplies can reach those in need.