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Generators

Reciprocating Engines (small generators) are the most common form of small generator. In generator-only systems, the generator must be sized to handle the peak expected load, but the system frequently runs at lower loads at reduced efficiency. It is common to find oversized generators at many development country health facilities. Running an oversized generator is expensive and inefficient and should be avoided.

Maintenance Logs and Checklists

Maintenance logs and task checklists should be maintained for all on-site energy supply equipment.

Best Practices and Lessons Learned

This section provides a short summary of some key lessons learned concerning efforts to provide reliable energy supplies to developing country health facilities.

Energy Management

Energy management is as much about human behavior and management as it is about technology. The actions of your staff will have a major impact on the amount of energy your health center consumes.

Batteries and Battery Management

Batteries are a critical component in nearly all energy systems involving an intermittent power source, including diesel generation, solar PV systems, wind, or intermittent grid; but have proven to be one of the most challenging components of an energy system to maintain.

Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

Photovoltaic (PV) Systems generate electricity from sunlight collected by solar panels. Energy collected in this manner can be used to supply direct power to electrical equipment, or it can be stored in batteries to provide indirect power.

Training Material

Training health care staff on energy management practices is a vital component to successful health facility electrification efforts.  Find useful training materials, including presentations, agendas, examples and maintenance log templates used by the IHFI project to train hospital energy technicians in Haiti.

6 Steps to Powering Health

Powering Health's six-step approach to understanding a health facility’s energy needs and designing an energy system to meet those needs in a cost effective way. Learn about the approach and find resources supporting each step.

Publications

Publications developed by USAID on providing reliable electricity and energy management at health facilities.

Wind Turbines

Wind Turbines generate emissions-free electricity from a renewable energy resource. Situating a wind turbine on a site requires careful measurement of wind patterns. While extensive maps of solar resources exist, the same is not true of wind resources. Small wind turbines are available with capacities in the range of a few hundred watts. Larger turbines offer significant economies of scale. Similar to PV systems, wind turbines must be connected to the grid or to a battery system to provide continuous power.